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14th  International Conference on Laboratory Medicine and Pathology , will be organized around the theme Recent Advancements and Innovations in Laboratory Medicine & Pathology

Laboratory Medicine 2020 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Laboratory Medicine 2020

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Clinics in Laboratory Medicine updates those whose research work is in the field of clinical pathology on the latest trends in clinical laboratory management. It provides a sound basis for creating and working in a highly effective clinical laboratory.

This word is originated from the Greek word "therapeia" meaning "a service, an attendance" and “therapeutikos” meaning “inclined to serve.”

Therapeutics in a broad sense is the treatment used for combating a particular disease and serving, taking care of a patient in a comprehensive manner for the same purpose and managing specific problems. In medicine it is a branch dealing specifically with the treatment of disease and the art and science of healing.

 

A diagnosis, in the sense of diagnostic technique, can be regarded as an attempt at classification of an individual's disorder into isolated and distinct categories that allow medical decisions about cure and prognosis to be made.

Advanced Diagnostic Technology is the advancements made in the field of Diagnostic Technology, Medicine/Medical a device or substance used for the analysis or detection of diseases or other medical conditions. A message output by a computer diagnosing an error in a computer program, computer system, or component device, Advancements in Diagnostic Services facilitates the provision of timely, cost-effective, and high-quality diagnostic care in safe and secure environments. It includes the clinical services of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Radiology, and Nuclear Medicine.

Advanced Nursing Practices, advancements made in nursing practices within the health care sector focused on the care of individuals, families, and communities with a laboratory practitioner, so they may attain, maintain, or recover optimal health and advancement in the quality of patient life. Nurses may be differentiated from other health care providers by their approach to patient care, training, and scope of practice. 

Antibiotics in Laboratory Medicine have been the defining orientation source for estimating the effectiveness of antibiotic compounds in treating infectious ailments for over 35 years. Antibiotics, also known as antibacterial, are a kind of antimicrobial drug used in the cure and inhibition of bacterial toxicities. They may either kill or hinder the advancement of bacteria. Antibiotics are used to treat or prevent bacterial contaminations, and sometimes protozoan contaminations. 

AI & Robotics in Lab medicine are rapid changes in healthcare coupled with parallel advances in technology have stimulated the evolution of new approaches for laboratory automation. Integration of these technologies, however, presents many challenges for software developers, instrument manufacturers, and laboratory workers. Differing needs across laboratories require flexibility and intelligence in robots, instruments, and control systems. Standardization of mechanical and electronic interfaces will be the key role to making these systems easy to integrate. Systems engineering, aided by simulation modeling and artificial intelligence schemes, will be important to assist in the design of optimal configurations. Thus, laboratory workers will need to be actively involved in implementing this new wave of laboratory automation, becoming well-versed in computers, electronics, and systems engineering.

The practice of pediatric laboratory medicine comprises unique challenges related to expansion, nourishment, development, and diseases throughout different periods of infancy, childhood, and adolescence. Pediatrics laboratory medicine, is the division of medicine that deals with the medical treatment of infants, children, and adolescents, and the age limit usually varies from birth up to 18 years of age The pediatric laboratory medicine comprises of clinical laboratory scientists, clinical pathologists, and clinicians, including point-of-care testing, analytic factors, age-specific reference intervals, pre-analytic variables, esoteric laboratory examinations and clinical impact. Although stimulating, pediatric laboratory testing offers many opportunities for enhanced patient care, clinical- and laboratory-based investigation, and education.

Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary field that develops methods and software tools for understanding biological data. As an interdisciplinary field of science, bioinformatics combines biology, computer science, mathematics and statistics to analyze and interpret biological data. Bioinformatics has been used for in silico analyses of biological queries using mathematical and statistical techniques.

Biostatistics is the application of statistics to a wide range of topics in biology. It encompasses the design of biological experiments, especially in medicine, pharmacy, agriculture and fishery; the collection, summarization, and analysis of data from those experiments; and the interpretation of, and inference from, the results. A major branch is a medical biostatistics, which is exclusively concerned with medicine and health.

Laboratory Management system is a software-based laboratory and information management system with features that support a modern laboratory's operations. Laboratory management is responsible for guaranteeing that the job descriptions meet the human resource strategies, laboratory regulations, and accreditations criterions.

Laboratory Instrumentation, analytical lab instruments encompass a wide range of instrumentation whose principal purpose is to qualitatively and quantitatively analyze samples; the chemical makeup of a sample and the quantity of each component within a sample.

Clinical Biochemistry (also known as chemical pathology, clinical chemistry or medical biochemistry) is the area of chemistry that is generally concerned with the analysis of bodily fluids for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. It is an applied form of biochemistry (not to be confused with medicinal chemistry, which involves basic research for drug development).

Biochemical Technology, sometimes called biological technology, is the study of chemical processes and technology within and relating to living organisms. Biochemical processes give rise to the complexity of life. Biochemistry can be divided in three fields; molecular genetics, protein science and metabolism. Almost all areas of the life sciences, like botany, medicine, and genetics are being uncovered and developed by biochemical methodology, technology and research. Biochemistry focuses on understanding how biological molecules give rise to the processes that occur within living cells and between cells, which in turn relates greatly to the study and understanding of tissues, organs, and organism structure and function.

Forensic science is the application of science to criminal and civil laws, mainly—on the criminal side—during the criminal investigation, as governed by the legal standards of admissible evidence and criminal procedure.

Cheminformatics (also known as chemoinformatics, chemioinformatics and chemical informatics) is the use of computer and informational techniques applied to a range of problems in the field of chemistry. These in silico techniques are used, for example, in pharmaceutical companies in the process of drug discovery. These methods can also be used in chemical and allied industries in various other forms.

Drug design, often referred to as rational drug design or simply rational design, is the inventive process of finding new medications based on the knowledge of a biological target. The drug is most commonly an organic small molecule that activates or inhibits the function of a biomolecule such as a protein, which in turn results in a therapeutic benefit to the patient. In the most basic sense, drug design involves the design of molecules that are complementary in shape and charge to the bimolecular target with which they interact and therefore will bind to it. Drug design frequently but not necessarily relies on computer modeling techniques. This type of modeling is sometimes referred to as computer-aided drug design. Finally, drug design that relies on the knowledge of the three-dimensional structure of the bimolecular target is known as structure-based drug design. In addition to small molecules, biopharmaceuticals and especially therapeutic antibodies are an increasingly important class of drugs and computational methods for improving the affinity, selectivity, and stability of these protein-based therapeutics have also been developed.

Advanced Chemotherapy (often abbreviated to chemo and sometimes CTX or CTx) is a type of Advancements made in cancer treatment that uses one or more anti-cancer drugs (chemotherapeutic agents) as part of a standardized chemotherapy regimen. Chemotherapy may be given with a curative intent (which almost always involves combinations of drugs), or it may aim to prolong life or to reduce symptoms (palliative chemotherapy). Chemotherapy is one of the major categories of the medical discipline specifically devoted to pharmacotherapy for cancer, which is called medical oncology.

Cancer Biology, it is a field to understand how cancer develops and progresses, the researcher’s first need to investigate the biological differences between normal cells and cancer cells. This work focuses on the mechanisms that underlie fundamental processes such as cell growth, the transformation of normal cells to cancer cells, and the spread, or metastasis, of cancer cells.

 

Pulmonary Pathology includes evaluation of specimens for neoplastic and non-neoplastic lung diseases with specialized expertise in neoplastic lung disease, occupational lung disease, and transplantation pathology.

 

Quantitative Techniques basic practical topic covers downstream processing techniques suitable for production-scale protein purification and illustrates how these techniques should be considered for process development. The focus of this session is on the understanding of the techniques and the parameters governing separation. Detailed presentations of the downstream processing techniques used (cross-flow filtration & chromatography) are included as well as content covering optimization and purification strategies. Scale-up issues, column maintenance, and process hygiene are briefly presented to describe the industrial environment and its principal objectives. Additionally, an overview of the analytical techniques used for product identification is presented.

Phytopathology also known as Plant Pathology includes the study of plant diseases, their causes and mechanisms by which diseases occur, disease-causing agents, and how to control diseases. These diseases are caused by living organisms such as fungi, bacteria, viruses, protozoa, and parasitic plants;   and also by non-living agents, such as air pollutants and various environmental factors. ​This is an interdisciplinary science field that includes knowledge of botany, microbiology, ecology, genetics, biochemistry, molecular bio​logy, crop science, soil science, and physiology.

Veterinary Pathology is the branch in science where study of animal diseases takes place. Veterinary pathologists are doctors of veterinary medicine who specialize in the diagnosis of diseases through the examination of animal tissue and body fluids.

Clinical Pathology also termed as Clinical analysis or Clinical or Medical Biology. It is a medical domain that is associated with the analysis of disease centred on the laboratory analysis of bodily fluids, such as urine, blood and tissue homogenates or extracts using the tools of chemistry, hematology, microbiology and molecular pathology. This domain needs a medical residency. Clinical pathology offers biochemical analysis of blood and urine for the determination of electrolyte status, diabetic control, markers of tissue destruction, and a host of other constituents in serum and plasma that specify a patient's degree of health or disease.

Hematopathology or hemopathology is the division of medicine related to the study, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases associated with the cells making up our blood. Diagnoses and treatment of diseases such as leukemia and lymphoma often deal with hematopathology.

Ophthalmic Pathology is associated with the diseases of the eye and its neighboring tissues. The diagnosis of the disease plays an important part in patient care. The examination of the diseased tissue is done macroscopically and by light microscopy. Other techniques include immunohistochemistry, molecular testing, and electron microscopy in the detection and treatment of the diseases related to eyes.

Immunopathology is a branch of medicine that deals with immune responses and its diseases. It includes the study of the pathology of an organism, organ system, or disease with respect to the immune system, and immune responses.

Anatomical pathology is a medical specialty related with the diagnosis of disease based on the macroscopic, microscopic, biochemical, immunologic and molecular examination of organs and tissues.

Two mail subdivisions in anatomical pathology are :

  •  Histopathology refers to the microscopic examination of tissue in order to study the manifestations of the disease. Specifically, in clinical medicine, histopathology refers to the examination of a biopsy or surgical specimen by a pathologist, after the specimen has been processed and histological sections have been placed onto glass slides. 
  •  Cytopathology examines free cells or tissue micro-fragments (as "cell blocks"), single cells or small groups of cells from scrapings or aspiration of fluid or tissue under the microscope  from various body sites to determine the cause or the nature of disease. 

Molecular pathology is an evolving branch within pathology which is concentrated in the study and analysis of disease through the investigation of molecules within organs, tissues or bodily fluids. Molecular pathology shares some characteristics of practice with both anatomic pathology as well as clinical pathology, molecular biology, biochemistry, proteomics, and genetics, and is sometimes considered as a "crossover" branch. It is multi-disciplinary in nature and focuses chiefly on the sub-microscopic characteristics of the disease. A key consideration is that more precise diagnosis is possible when the diagnosis is based on both the morphologic variations in tissues (traditional anatomic pathology) and on molecular testing.

Dermatopathology involves the diagnosis of disorders of the skin. It is a joint subspecialty of both dermatology (the diagnosis and treatment of skin, hair and nail diseases) and pathology (identification of diseases microscopically) that focuses on the study of cutaneous diseases at a microscopic and molecular level. 

Neuropathology is the study of diseases of the nervous system which includes : Brain, Spinal cord, Body's extensive nerve network. It is closely related with the clinical disciplines of neurology, and neurosurgery, which often depend on neuropathology for a diagnosis.  Neuropathology is different from neuropathy, which refers to disorders of the nerves themselves.

In Oral and Maxillofacial pathology specialists study and research the causes, processes and effects of diseases that start in the mouth or jaw. Oral pathologists diagnose cases, using clinical, radiographic, microscopic, biochemical or other examinations, and do biopsies in consultation to dentists and other physicians providing patient care rather than providing direct patient care.

Gastrointestinal Pathology generally relates to the diseases in digestive tracts. The main purpose of the gastrointestinal tract is the transport of food and the absorption of nutrients. Many pathologic conditions of the gastrointestinal tract impair either or both of these functions.

Renal pathology is a subspecialty of anatomic pathology that deals with the comprehensive consultative expertise and services relating to disorders of the kidneys, including diagnosis and characterization of native and transplant renal biopsies (for both adults and children).  

Digital pathology is a dynamic, image-based information environment that enables the acquisition, management, sharing and interpretation of pathology information — including slides and data — in a digital environment. Digital slides are created when glass slides are captured with a scanning device, to provide a high-resolution image that can be viewed on a computer screen or mobile device.

Gynaecologic pathology is the subspecialty of pathology managing the analysis and study of infection including the female genital tract. It provides accurate and timely consultation of diagnostic and therapeutic biopsies. Specimens include the vulva, vagina, cervix, uterus, metastatic nodal disease, and fallopian tubes and ovaries.  The term Gynecologic derived from Greek gyno-(gynaikos) signifying "lady" and the ology signifying "investigation of". Gynaecological pathology deals with cervical cancer, ovarian cancer, uterine cancer, papillomavirus infection and trophoblastic tumors. Gynecologic Pathology lays out timely and accurate consultation of therapeutic and diagnostic biopsies.